Carolyn Allard

Carolyn Allard | Associate Professor & Program Director

Research Interests

Dr. Allard's clinical and research expertise is in posttraumatic distress. Her program of research focuses on the impact of interpersonal trauma, including risk and resiliency factors, cultural moderators, and intervention implications. In particular, she is interested in the differential effects of interpersonal trauma versus non-interpersonal trauma, and specifically the roles of betrayal level and misplaced guilt in trauma outcomes. Among the funded studies in which she is involved, Dr. Allard is a Co-Investigator on Department of Defense two-site randomized clinical trial of an intervention she co-developed with colleagues.

Biography

Carolyn B. Allard, Ph.D., is Associate Professor and Program Director of the Clinical Psychology PhD Program at the California School of Professional Psychology (CSPP) of Alliant International University. Dr. Allard received her B.A. (Hons.) from Queen's University in Kingston, Canada, and her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Oregon. She is a licensed psychologist in the state of California and has her Board Certification in Clinical Psychology from the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP). Before coming to CSPP, she served as Program Director of the Military Sexual Trauma & Interpersonal Trauma Clinic and San Diego Advanced Fellowship in Women's Health at the Veteran's Affairs San Diego Healthcare System for a little over 10 years. She is also Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at University of California San Diego.

Dr. Allard has extensive experience in clinical practice, training and consultation with all levels of trainees and professionals; public education and advocacy; clinical research; program development and evaluation; and administration and leadership. She is a certified trainer and consultant for Cognitive Processing Therapy and consultant for Prolonged Exposure. Dr. Allard is also an active researcher, serving as principal investigator or co-investigator on several past and ongoing UC, VA, and Department of Defense funded multi-site clinical trials and other studies. Herprogram of research focuses on the impact of interpersonal trauma, including risk and resiliency factors, cultural moderators, and intervention implications. In particular, she is interested in the differential effects of interpersonal trauma versus non-interpersonal trauma, and specifically the roles of betrayal level and misplaced guilt in trauma outcomes.She has published and presented her research in peer reviewed journals and international conferences, and co-edited a special issue turned book. She is a frequently invited speaker and CEU presenter at local, national and international scientific and professional conferences, and has conducted numerous television and radio interviews. She is a member of several professional associations, serves on the editorial board of the American Psychological Association Division 56 (Trauma) Journal, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, and is an ad hoc reviewer for several other scientific journals.

Education

  • Postdoctoral Fellowship, Clinical Psychology, Veteran's Affairs San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS) / University of California San Diego (UCSD), 2008 Ph.D. Clinical Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene OR (APA Accredited), 2007 Predoctoral Internship, Clinical Psychology, UCSD/VASDHS, San Diego CA (APA Accredited), 2007 M.S., Clinical Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene OR, 2002 M.A., Social Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa ON, Canada, 1995 B.A. (Hons.), Psychology, Queen's

Honors

  • Teaching Excellence Award, Clinical Psychology Postdoctoral Residency Program, 2015-2016 Excellence in Leadership Award, VASDHS, 2016 Outstanding Teamwork Award, MST & IPT Team, VASDHS, 2015 UCSD Certificate of Recognition for Outstanding Service as a Mentor in the 2014-15 Faculty Mentor Program, UCSD, 2015 Director's Special Contribution Award, VASDHS, 2014 Employee Excellence Recognition Program Teamwork Award, IRB, VASDHS, 2014 Luzerne Foundation Research Grant, 2013 Early Career Women

Publications

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1. Bormann, J. E., Weinrich, S., Allard, C. B., Beck, D., Johnson, B. & Holt, L. (2014). Mantram Repetition: An Evidenced-Based Complementary Practice for Military Personnel and Veterans in The 21st Century. In C. E. Kasper & P. W. Kelley (Eds.), Annual Review of Nursing Research (Vol. 32) (pp. 79-108). New York, NY: Springer. 2. *Myers, U.S., *Wilkins, K.C., Allard, C.B., & Norman, S.B. (2012). Trauma-Related Guilt Inventory: Review of Psychometrics and Directions for Future Research. In A. Columbus (Ed.). Advances in Psychology Research (Vol. 91) (pp. 71-91). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 3. Allard, C. B., & *Platt, M. (Eds.). (2011). Military sexual trauma: Current knowledge and future directions [Special issue]. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 12(3). [Also published as Allard, C. B., & Platt, M. (Eds.). (2012). Military Sexual Trauma: Current Knowledge and Future Directions. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge.] 4. Norman, S. B., *Wilkins, K. G., Baeressen, K., Thorp, S. R., Huelsenbeck, R., *Grimes, E., Rodgers, C. S., & Allard, C. B. (2009). Drinking among female victims of intimate partner violence: Mechanisms and intervention. In K. T. Everly, & E. M. Cosell (Eds.), Social Drinking: Uses, Abuses and Psychological Factors (pp. 207-235). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. [Also published as Norman, S. B., Wilkins, K. G., Baeressen, K., Thorp, S. R., Huelsenbeck, R., Grimes, E., Rodgers, C. S., & Allard, C. B. (2011). Drinking Among Female Victims of Intimate Partner Violence: Mechanisms and Intervention. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.] 5. Rodgers, C. S., Allard, C. B., & *Wansley, P. (2009). Post-traumatic stress disorder and quality of life in women. In Preedy, V. & R. R. Watson (Eds.). Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures (pp. 3439-3456). New York: Springer Verlag.

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1. Allard, C. B., Norman, S. B., & Browne, K. (2016). Trauma Informed Guilt Reduction (TrIGR) Workbook (Combat and Military Sexual Trauma Version). Unpublished. 2. Norman, S. B., Allard, C. B., Browne, K., & Capone, C. (2016). Trauma Informed Guilt Reduction (TrIGR) Clinician Manual (Combat and Military Sexual Trauma Version). Unpublished. 3. Allard, C. B. (2011, fall/winter). Voices from the Classroom: Dear Mentor Column. Trauma Psychology, Division 56, American Psychological Association, Newsletter, 6(3), 14-15. 4. *Platt, M., & Allard, C. B. (2011). [Introduction]. Military sexual trauma: current knowledge and future directions. Spec. issue of Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 12, 213-215. 5. Allard, C. B., Browne, K., & Norman, S. B. (2009). Trauma Informed Guilt Reduction (TrIGR) Workbook. Unpublished. 6. Norman, S. B., Browne, K., & Allard, C. B. (2009). Trauma Informed Guilt Reduction (TrIGR) Clinician Manual. Unpublished.

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1. Rauch, S.A.M., Simon, N.M., Kim, H.M., Acierno, R., King, A.P., Norman, S.B., Venners, M.R., Porter, K., Phan, K.L., Tuerk, P.W., Allard, C.B., Liberzon, I., Rothbaum, B.O., Martis, B., Stein, M.B., & Hoge, C.W. (In Press). Contemporary Clinical Trials. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2017.10.013. [Epub ahead of print] 2. *Russano, S., *Straus, E., *Sullivan, F.G., *Gobin, R. L., & Allard, C.B. (Accepted). Religiosity predicts posttraumatic growth following treatment for PTSD related to interpersonal trauma in Veterans. Spirituality in Clinical Practice. 3. *Gobin, R.L., Mackintosh, M., Willis, E., Allard, C.B., Kloezeman, K., & Morland, L.A. (In Press). Predictors of differential treatment outcomes among Veteran and civilian women after Cognitive Processing Therapy. Psychological Trauma: Research, Theory, Practice & Policy. doi: 10.1037/tra0000266. [Epub ahead of print] 4. *Juan, M.J.D., Nunnink, S.E., *Butler, E.O., & Allard, C.B. (2017). Gender role stress mediates depression among veteran men with military sexual trauma. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 18, 243-250. doi:10.1037/men0000120. 5. *Bomyea, J. & Allard, C.B. (2017). Trauma-related disgust in Veterans with interpersonal trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 30, 149-156. doi: 10.1002/jts.22169. 6. Allard, C.B., Norman, S.B., Thorp, S.R., Browne, K.C., & Stein, M.B. (2016). Mid-treatment reduction in trauma-related guilt predicts PTSD and functioning following cognitive trauma therapy for survivors of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0886260516636068. 7. *Gobin, R. L. & Allard, C.B. (2016). Associations between sexual health concerns and mental health symptoms among African American and European American women Veterans who have experienced interpersonal trauma. Personality and Individual Differences, 100, 37-42. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.007. 8. Aupperle R.L., Stillman A.N., Simmons A.N., Flagan T., Allard C.B., Thorp S.R., Norman S.B., Paulus M.P., Stein M.B. (2016). Intimate Partner Violence PTSD and Neural Correlates of Inhibition. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29, 33-40. doi: 10.1002/jts.22068. 9. Fonzo, G.A., Ramsawh, H.J., Flagan, T.M., Simmons, A.N., Sullivan, S.G., Allard, C.B., Paulus, M.P., & Stein, M.B. (2016). Early life stress and the anxious brain: evidence for a neural mechanism linking childhood emotional maltreatment to anxiety in adulthood. Psychological Medicine, 46, 1037-1054. doi: 10.1017/S0033291715002603. 10. Weinrich, S., Hardin, S.B., Glaser, D., Barger, M., Bormann, J. E., Lizarraga, C., Terry, M., Criscenzo, J., & Allard, C. B. (2016). Assessing Sexual Trauma Histories in Homeless Women. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation,17, 237-243. doi:10.1080/15299732.2015.1089968. 11. Haller, M., Norman, S.B., Cummins, K., Trim, R.S., Xu, X., Cui, R., Allard, C.B., Brown, S.A., & Tate, S.R. (2016). Integrated cognitive behavioral therapy versus cognitive processing therapy for adults with depression, substance use disorder, and trauma. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62, 38-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2015.11.005. 12. Weinrich, S., Bormann, J. E., Glaser, D., Hardin, S.B., Barger, M., Lizarraga, C., del Rio, J., & Allard, C. B. (2016). Mantram repetition with homeless women: A pilot study. Holistic Nursing Practice, 6, 44-49. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20150526-03. 13. Jenkins, M. M., Colvonen, P. J., Norman, S. B., Afari, N., Allard, C. B., & Drummond, S. P. A. (2015). Prevalence and mental health correlates of insomnia in first-encounter veterans with and without sexual trauma. Sleep, 38, 1547-1554. doi: 10.5665/sleep.5044. 14. Aupperle, R. L., Allard, C. B., Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2013). Neural responses during emotional processing before and after cognitive trauma therapy for battered women. Psychiatry Research, 214, 48-55. doi: doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.05.001. 15. Norman, S. B., *Wilkins, K. C., *Myers, U. S., & Allard, C. B. (2013). Trauma informed guilt reduction therapy with combat veterans. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 21, 78-88. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2013.08.001. 16. Norman, S. B., Allard, C. B., Trim, R.S., Thorp, S.R., Behrooznia, M. Masino, T.T., & Stein, M. B. (2013). Psychometrics of the overall anxiety severity and impairment scale (OASIS) in a sample of women with and without trauma histories. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 16, 123-129. doi: 10.1007/s00737-012-0325-8. 17. Fonzo, G. A., Flagan, T. M., Sullivan, S., Allard, C. B., *Grimes, E., M., Simmons, A. N., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2012). Neural functional and structural correlates of childhood maltreatment in women with intimate-partner violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 211, 93-103. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2012.08.006. 18. Aupperle, R. L., Allard, C. B., *Grimes, E. M. Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., Behrooznia, M., Cissell, S. H., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2012). Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation during emotional anticipation and neuropsychological performance in PTSD. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69, 360-371. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.153 19. Allard, C. B., Nunnink, S., *Gregory, A. M., *Klest, B., & *Platt, M. (2011). Military sexual trauma research: A proposed agenda. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 12, 324-345. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2011.542609. 20. Strigo, I.A., Simmons, A.N., Matthews, S.C., *Grimes, E.M., Allard, C.B., Reinhardt, L.E., Paulus, M.P., & Stein, M.B. (2010). Neural correlates of altered pain response in women with posttraumatic stress disorder from partner violence. Biological Psychiatry, 60, 402-409. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.03.034. 21. Twamley, E.W., Allard, C.B., Thorp, S.R., Norman, S.B., Cissell, S.H., Berardi, K.H., *Grimes, E.M., & Stein, M.B. (2009). Cognitive impairment and functioning in PTSD related to intimate partner violence. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15, 879-87. doi: 10.1017/S135561770999049X. 22. Allard, C. B. (2009). Prevalence and sequelae of betrayal trauma in a Japanese student sample. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 1, 65-77. doi: 10.1037/a0015053. 23. Hall, G. C. N., & Allard, C. B. (2009). Application to graduate psychology programs by undergraduate students of color: The impact of a research training program. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 15, 223-229. doi: 10.1037/a0014039. 24. Freyd, J. J., Klest, B., & Allard, C. B. (2005). Betrayal trauma: Relationship to physical health, psychological distress, and a written disclosure intervention. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 6, 83-104. doi: 10.1300/J229v06n03_04. 25. DePrince, A. P., Allard, C. B., Oh, H., & Freyd, J. J. (2004). What's in a name for memory errors? Implications and ethical issues arising from the use of the label "false memory" for errors in memory for details. Ethics & Behavior, 14, 201-233. doi: 10.1207/s15327019eb1403_1. 26. Major, D. A., Cardenas, R. A., & Allard, C. B. (2004). Child Health: A Legitimate Business Concern. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9, 306-321. doi: 10.1207/s15327019eb1403_1.

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