Steven Thorp

Steven Thorp | Associate Professor

Research Interests

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); posttraumatic growth; mindfulness; resilience; barriers to care, including mental health stigma; diversity and mental health; mental health treatment preferences; telehealth - using technology to enhance psychological services; mental health for military veterans and older adults

Biography

Steven R. Thorp, Ph.D., ABPP, is an Associate Professor and Core Faculty member of the Clinical Psychology Psy.D Program for the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University. He earned his doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the University of Nevada, Reno and completed postdoctoral research fellowships in geriatric psychiatry at Duke University Medical Center and at the University of California, San Diego. He is Board Certified in Clinical Psychology, and licensed as a psychologist in California.

Dr. Thorp is the past Division Director at the VA San Diego Healthcare System, and he served as Program Director of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Clinical Team there for 7 years. He also served as the Co-Chief of the Psychotherapy Unit in the Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health. He has expertise in psychotherapy with veterans who have experienced psychological trauma. He has been the recipient of more than six million dollars in grant funding for Randomized Control Trials investigating clinical outcomes of psychotherapy for PTSD using telehealth technologies (i.e., telemedicine). He has authored more than 70 publications and has made over 100 presentations at regional and national conferences. He is also in private practice, where he provides assessment and cognitive-behavioral therapies (including Dialectical Behavior Therapy and other Third Wave CBT approaches). Dr. Thorp teaches courses in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Diversity and Trauma, and Cognitive and Affective Bases of Behavior.

Publications

2013

Christopher, M., Cohen, B., Cook, J., Cooley, S., Karel, M., Norman, S., Thorp, S. R., & Vasterling, J. (2013). FAQs about PTSD and dementia. Webpage for the National Center for PTSD.

2011

Acierno, R., Godleski, L., Karlin, B., Morland, L., Rauch, S., Smith, T., Thorp, S. R., & Tuerk, P. (2011). Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Evidence-Based Psychotherapy for PTSD Telemental Health Appendix.

2005

Thorp, S. R., & Stein, M. B. (2005). Posttraumatic stress disorder and functioning. PTSD Research Quarterly, 16, 1-7.

2013

Gregory, A.M., Tirabassi, C., Allard, C.B., Norman, S.B., Thorp, S., Stein, M.B., & Twamley, E.W. (2013). Cognitive performance and treatment response in women with PTSD. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 19 (S1), 173. (International Neuropsychological Society).

2016

Aupperle, R. L., Stillman, A. N., Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., Allard, C. B., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2016). Intimate partner violence PTSD and neural correlates of inhibition. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29, 33-40. doi:10.1002/jts.22068

2016

Allard, C. B., Norman, S. B., Thorp, S. R., Browne, K. C., & Stein, M. B. (2016). Mid-treatment reduction in trauma-related guilt predicts PTSD and functioning following Cognitive Trauma Therapy for survivors of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-20. doi: 10.1177/0886260516636068

2015

Williams, K., Kern, S., Thorp, S. R., Paulus, M., Shah, N., & Hauser, P. (2015). VISN 22 Evidenced-Based Psychotherapy Telemental Health Center and Regional Pilot. Federal Practitioner, 32, 48-57.

2015

Morland, L. A., Poizner, J., Williams, K., Masino, T., & Thorp, S. R. (2015). Home-based clinical video teleconferencing care: Clinical considerations and future directions. International Review of Psychiatry, 27, 504-512. doi:10.4109/09540261.2015.1082986

2015

Lohr, J. B., Palmer, B. W., Eidt, C. A., Aailaboyina, S., Mausbach, B. T., Wolkowitz, O. M., Thorp, S. R., & Jeste, D. V. (2015). Is post-traumatic stress disorder associated with premature senescence? A review of the literature. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 709-725. doi:10.1016/j/jagp.2015.04.001

2015

Sones, H. M., Madsen, J., Jakupcak, M., & Thorp, S. (2015). Evaluation of a group therapy program for the female partners of veterans diagnosed with PTSD: A pilot study. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 4, 150-160. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cfp0000044

2014

Mrkved, N., Hartmann, K., Aarsheim, L. M., Holen, D., Milde, A. M., Bomye, J., & Thorp, S. R. (2014). A comparison of narrative exposure therapy and prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 453-467. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2014.06.005

2014

Erbes, C. R., Stinson, R., Kuhn, E., Polusny, M., Urban, J., Hoffman, J., Ruzek, J. I., Stepnowsky, C., & Thorp, S. R. (2014). Access, utilization, and interest in mHealth applications among veterans receiving outpatient care for PTSD. Military Medicine, 179, 1218-1222. doi:10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00014

2013

Norman, S. B., Allard, C. B., Trim, R. S., Thorp, S. R., Behrooznia, M., & Stein, M. B. (2013). Psychometrics of the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS) in a sample of women with and without trauma histories. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 16, 123-9. doi:10.1007/s00737-012-0325-8

2013

Schuitevoerder, S., Rosen, J. W., Twamley, E. W., Ayers, C. R., Sones, H., Lohr, J. B., Goetter, E. M., Fonzo, G. A., Holloway, K. J., & Thorp, S. R. (2013). A meta-analysis of cognitive functioning in older adults with PTSD. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27, 550-558. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.01.001

2013

Bormann, J. E., Thorp, S. R., Wetherell, J. L., Golshan, S. & Lang, A. J. (2013). Meditation-based mantram intervention for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 5, 259-267. doi: 10.1037/a0027522

2013

Aupperle, R. L., Allard, C. B., Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2013). Neural responses during emotional processing before and after cognitive trauma therapy for battered women. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 214, 48-55. doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.05.001

2013

Wetherell, J. L., Petkus, A. J., Thorp, S. R., Stein, M. B., Chavira, D. A., Campbell-Sills, L., Craske, M. G., Sherbourne, C., Bystritsky, A., Sullivan, G., & Roy-Byrne, P. (2013). Age differences in treatment response to a collaborative care intervention for anxiety disorders in primary care. British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, 65-72. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.112.118547

2013

Bryant, C., Mohlman, J., Gum, A., Stanley, M., Beekman, A. T. F., Wetherell, J., Thorp, S. R., Flint, A. J., Lenze, E. J. (2013). Anxiety disorders in older adults: Looking to DSM-5 and beyond... American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 872-6. doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2013.01.011

2012

Thorp, S. R. & Blazer, D. G. (2012). Time does not heal all wounds: Trauma, stress, and resilience among older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 375-379. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JGP.0b013e31824fb7e1

2012

Aupperle, R. L., Allard, C. B., Grimes, E. M., Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., Behrooznia, M., Cissell, S. H., Twamley, E. W., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2012). Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation during emotional anticipation and neuropsychological performance in posttraumatic stress disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69, 360-371. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.1539

2012

Bormann, J. E., Liu, L., Thorp, S. R., & Lang, A. J. (2012). Spiritual well-being mediates PTSD change in veterans with military-related PTSD. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 496-502. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-011-9186-1

2012

Mohlman, J., Bryant, C., Lenze, E. J., Stanley, M. A., Gum, A., Flint, A., Beekman, A. T. F., Wetherell, J. L., Thorp, S. R., & Craske, M. G. (2012). Improving recognition of late life anxiety disorders in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition: Observations and recommendations of the Advisory Committee to the Lifespan Disorders Work Group. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27, 549-556. doi: 10.1002/gps.2752

2012

Thorp, S. R., Sones, H. M., Glorioso, D., Thompson, W., Light, G. A., Golshan, S., & Jeste, D. V. (2012). Older patients with schizophrenia: Does military veteran status matter? American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 248-256. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e3182096ae5

2012

Thorp, S. R., Stein, M. B., Jeste, D. V., Patterson, T. L., & Wetherell, J. L. (2012). Prolonged exposure therapy for older veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Pilot study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 276-280. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e3182435ee9

2012

Thorp, S. R., Fidler, J., Moreno, L., Floto, E., & Agha, Z. (2012). Lessons learned from studies of psychotherapy for PTSD via video teleconferencing. Psychological Services, 9, 197-199. doi: 10.1037/a0027057

2012

Backhaus, A., Agha, Z., Maglione, M. L., Repp, A., Ross, B., Zuest, D., Rice-Thorp, N. M., Lohr, J., & Thorp, S. R. (2012). Videoconferencing psychotherapy: A systematic review. Psychological Services, 9, 111-131

2011

Wetherell, J. L., Afari, N., Ayers, C. R., Stoddard, J. A., Ruberg, J., Sorrell, J. T., Liu, L., Petkus, A. J., Thorp, S. R., Kraft, A., & Patterson, T. L. (2011). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for generalized anxiety disorder in older adults: A preliminary report. Behavior Therapy, 42, 127-134. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2010.07.002

2011

Sones, H. M., Thorp, S. R., Raskind, M. A. (2011). Prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 34, 79-94. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2010.11.001

2010

Nappi, C. M., Drummond, S. P. A., Thorp, S. R., & McQuaid, J. M. (2010). Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans. Behavior Therapy, 41, 237-44. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2009.03.003

2010

Fonzo, G. A., Simmons, A. N., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Paulus, M. P., & Stein, M. B. (2010). Exaggerated and disconnected insular-amygdalar blood oxygenation level-dependent response to threat-related emotional faces in women with intimate-partner violence posttraumatic stress disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 433-41. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.04.028

2009

Thorp, S. R., Ayers, C. R., Nuevo, R., Stoddard, J. A., Sorrell, J. T., & Wetherell, J. L. (2009). Meta-analysis comparing different behavioral treatments for late-life anxiety. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 105-115. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e31818b3f73

2009

Twamley, E. W., Allard, C. B., Thorp, S. R., Norman, S. B., Cissell, S. H., Berardi, S. H., Grimes, E. M., & Stein, M. B. (2009). Cognitive impairment and functioning in PTSD related to intimate partner violence. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15, 879-887. doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/S135561770999049X

2009

Wetherell, J. L., Ayers, C. R., Sorrell, J. T., Thorp, S. R., Nuevo, R., Belding, W., Gray, E., Stanley, M. A., Aren, P. A., Donohue, M., Untzer, J., Ramsdell, J., Xu, R., & Patterson, T. L. (2009). Modular psychotherapy for anxiety in older primary care patients. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 483-492. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/JGP.0b013e3181a31fb5

2008

Cukrowicz, K. C., Franzese, A. T., Thorp, S. R., Cheavens, J. S., & Lynch, T. R. (2008). Personality traits and perceived social support among depressed older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 12, 665-672. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607860802343258

2008

Simmons, A., Paulus, M. P., Thorp, S. R., Matthews, S. C., Norman, S. B., & Stein, M. B. (2008). Functional activation and neural networks in women with posttraumatic stress disorder related to intimate partner violence. Biological Psychiatry, 64, 681-690. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.05.027

2008

Bormann, J. E., Thorp, S., Wetherell, J. L. & Golshan, S. (2008). A spiritually-based group intervention for combat veterans with PTSD: Feasibility study. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 26, 109-116. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010107311276

2007

Ayers, C. R., Sorrell, J. T., Thorp, S. R., & Wetherell, J. L. (2007). Evidence-based treatments for late-life anxiety. Psychology and Aging. 22, 8-17. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.22.1.8

2007

Wetherell, J. L., Kim, D. S., Lindamer, L. A., Thorp, S. R., Hawthorne, W., Kim, K., Hough, R. L., Garcia, P., & Jeste, D. V. (2007). Anxiety disorders in a public mental health system: Clinical characteristics and service use patterns. Journal of Affective Disorders, 104, 179-183. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2007.02.021

2007

Lynch, T. R., Cheavens, J. S., Cukrowicz, K. C., Thorp, S. R., Bronner, L., & Beyer, J. (2007). Treatment of older adults with co-morbid personality disorder and depression: A dialectical behavior therapy approach. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 131-143. doi:10.1002/gps.1703

2005

Rosenthal, M. Z., Cheavens, J. S., Compton, J. S., Thorp, S. R., & Lynch, T. R. (2005). Thought suppression and treatment outcome in late-life depression. Aging and Mental Health, 9, 35-39. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607860512331334040

2005

Carson, J. W., Keefe, F. J., Lynch, T. R., Carson, K. M., Goli, V., Fras, A. M., & Thorp, S. R. (2005). Loving-kindness meditation for chronic low back pain: Results from a pilot trial. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 23, 287-304. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010105277651

2005

Carson, J. W., Keefe, F. J., Goli, V., Fras, A. M., Lynch, T. R., Thorp, S. R., & Buechler, J. L. (2005). Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. Journal of Pain, 6, 84-91. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2004.10.012

2005

Thorp, S. R., O'Donohue, W. T., & Gregg, J. (2005). The predoctoral internship: Is current training anachronistic? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36, 16-24. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.36.1.16

2005

Wetherell, J. L., Sorrell, J. T., Thorp, S. R., & Patterson, T. L. (2005). Psychological interventions for late-life anxiety: A review and early lessons from the CALM Study. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 18, 72-82. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0891988705276058

2004

Wetherell, J. L., Thorp, S. R., Patterson, T. L., Golshan, S., Jeste, D. V., & Gatz, M. (2004). Quality of life in geriatric generalized anxiety disorder: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 38, 305-312. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2003.09.003

2004

Thorp, S. R., Krause, E. D., Cukrowicz, K. C., & Lynch, T. R. (2004). Postpartum partner support, demand-withdraw communication, and maternal stress. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 362-369. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.2004.00153.x

2003

Wetherell, J. L., Palmer, B. W., Thorp, S. R., Patterson, T. L., Golshan, S., & Jeste, D. V. (2003). Anxiety symptoms and quality of life in middle-aged and older outpatients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64, 1476-1482. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v64n1212

0

Cook, J. M., McCarthy, E., & Thorp, S. R. (in press). Older adults with PTSD: Brief state of research and evidence-based psychotherapy case illustration. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.12.016

2017

Thorp, S. R., Wells, S. Y., & Cook, J. M. (2017). Trauma-focused therapy for older adults. In S. N. Gold (Ed. In Chief), C. J. Dalenberg, & J. M. Cook (Eds.), APA Handbook of Trauma Psychology (pp. 431-448). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

2015

Thorp, S. R., Glassman, L. H., & Wells, S. Y. (2015). PTSD and trauma. In N. Pachana (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology, 1-8. Singapore: Springer Science. doi:10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_86-1

2015

Cook, J. M., Naseem, A., & Thorp, S. R. (2015). Treating PTSD in older adults. In N. C. Bernardy and M. J. Friedman (Eds.), A Practical Guide to PTSD Treatment: Pharmacological and Psychotherapeutic Approaches (pp. 151-161). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

2011

Thorp, S. R., Sones, H. M., & Cook, J. M. (2011). Prolonged exposure therapy for older combat veterans in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. In K. H. Sorocco & S. Lauderdale (Eds.), Cognitive behavior therapy with older adults: Innovations across care settings (pp. 421-442). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

2011

Thorp, S. R., Sones, H. M., & Cook, J. M. (2011). Posttraumatic stress disorder among older adults. In K. H. Sorocco & S. Lauderdale (Eds.), Cognitive behavior therapy with older adults: Innovations across care settings (pp. 189-217). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

2011

Thorp, S. R. (2011). Implementing prolonged exposure in PTSD Clinical Teams (PCTs). In A. Eftekhari & J. Crowley (Eds.), Successful Implementation of Prolonged Exposure (PE) Therapy in VHA: A Clinic Guidance Manual.

2009

Ayers, C. R., Thorp, S. R., & Wetherell, J. L. (2009). Anxiety disorders and hoarding in older adults. In M. M. Antony and M. B. Stein (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Anxiety and Related Disorders (pp. 625-635). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

2008

Thorp, S. R., & Stein, M. B. (2008). Occupational Disability. In G. Reyes, J. Elhai, and J. Ford. (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma (p. 453). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

2005

Thorp, S. R. & Lynch, T. R. (2005). Depression and personality disorders - older adults. In A. Freeman (Ed. in Chief), S. H. Felgoise, A. M. Nezu, C. M. Nezu, & M. A. Reineke (Eds), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (pp. 155-158). New York: Springer.

2005

Rodgers, C. S., Norman, S. B., Thorp, S. R., Lebeck, M. M., & Lang, A. J. (2005). Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and health behaviors: Impact on special populations. In T. A. Corales (Ed.), Focus on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Research (pp. 203-224). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

2003

Thorp, S. R., & Fruzzetti, A. E. (2003). Ethical principles and practice of couples and family therapy. In W. T. O'Donohue and K. E. Ferguson (Eds.), Handbook of Professional Ethics for Psychologists: Issues, Questions, and Controversies (pp. 391-406). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

2001

Thorp, S. R., Gregg, J., Niccolls, R., & O'Donohue, W. T. (2001). The best and worst of times for behavioral mental health practice. In N. A. Cummings, V. M. Follette, S. C. Hayes, and W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), Integrated behavioral healthcare: Positioning mental health practice with medical/surgical practice. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

0

Wells, S. Y., Williams, K., Walter, K., Moreno, L., Butler, E., Glassman, L. & Thorp. S. R. (in press). Informed consent for providing services via clinical video. In P. Tuerk & P. Shore (Eds.), Behavioral Telehealth Series: Clinical Video Conferencing: Program Development and Practice. New York, NY: Springer International.

2004

Thorp, S. R. (2004). [Review of the book Bad Therapy: Master Therapists Share Their Worst Failures]. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 115-116. doi:10.1016/S0022-3999(03)00504-X

2004

Thorp, S. R. (2004). [Review of the book Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology]. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 381.

2000

Thorp, S. R. (2000, Fall). Can we be saved? Relationship Rescue and the bashing of couple therapy and theory [Review of the book Relationship Rescue]. Couples Research and Therapy, 6(2), 13.

1996

O'Donohue, W. T., & Thorp, S. R. (1996, March). EMDR as marginal science. [Review of the book Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic principles, protocols, and procedures]. The Scientist Practitioner, 5(2), 17-19.

2010

Norman, S. B., Wilkins, K. G., Baeressen, K., Thorp, S. R., Huelsenbeck, R., Grimes, E., Rodgers, C., & Allard, C. (2010). Drinking among female victims of intimate partner violence: Mechanisms and intervention. (Monograph). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

2005

Thorp, S. R. (2005). Highlights of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 18th Annual Meeting, March 3-6, 2005, San Diego, CA [Conference report].

2013

Thorp, S. R. & Cook, J. M. (Spring/Summer 2013). Trauma and PTSD in older veterans. Trauma Psychology News, 8(2), 11-13.

2011

Chambers, A., Eftekhari, A., Crowley, J., Ruzek, J., Gregory, G., Aosved, A., Castillo, D., Thorp, S. R., Telfer, L., Kuhn, E., Foa, E. B., & Hembree, E. (2011). Strategies for recruiting veterans for PE. [Online slides for enhancing recruitment to therapy].

2011

Thorp, S. R., Tuerk, P., & Eftekhari, A. (2011). Guidelines for PE via Telemental Health. [Online slides to guide prolonged exposure therapy via telemental health technology].

Alliant International University